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J is a consonant in English, but some nations use it as a vowel --
than which nothing could be more absurd. Its original form, which has
been but slightly modified, was that of the tail of a subdued dog, and
it was not a letter but a character, standing for a Latin verb,

jacere, "to throw," because when a stone is thrown at a dog the
dog's tail assumes that shape. This is the origin of the letter, as
expounded by the renowned Dr. Jocolpus Bumer, of the University of
Belgrade, who established his conclusions on the subject in a work of
three quarto volumes and committed suicide on being reminded that the
j in the Roman alphabet had originally no curl.


JEALOUS, adj. Unduly concerned about the preservation of that which
can be lost only if not worth keeping.


JESTER, n. An officer formerly attached to a king's household, whose
business it was to amuse the court by ludicrous actions and
utterances, the absurdity being attested by his motley costume. The
king himself being attired with dignity, it took the world some
centuries to discover that his own conduct and decrees were
sufficiently ridiculous for the amusement not only of his court but of
all mankind. The jester was commonly called a fool, but the poets and
romancers have ever delighted to represent him as a singularly wise
and witty person. In the circus of to-day the melancholy ghost of the
court fool effects the dejection of humbler audiences with the same
jests wherewith in life he gloomed the marble hall, panged the
patrician sense of humor and tapped the tank of royal tears.


  The widow-queen of Portugal

      Had an audacious jester

  Who entered the confessional

      Disguised, and there confessed her.


  "Father," she said, "thine ear bend down --

      My sins are more than scarlet:

  I love my fool -- blaspheming clown,

      And common, base-born varlet."


  "Daughter," the mimic priest replied,

      "That sin, indeed, is awful:

  The church's pardon is denied

      To love that is unlawful.

  "But since thy stubborn heart will be

      For him forever pleading,

  Thou'dst better make him, by decree,

      A man of birth and breeding."


  She made the fool a duke, in hope

      With Heaven's taboo to palter;

  Then told a priest, who told the Pope,

      Who damned her from the altar!


Barel Dort



JEWS-HARP, n. An unmusical instrument, played by holding it fast with
the teeth and trying to brush it away with the finger.


JOSS-STICKS, n. Small sticks burned by the Chinese in their pagan
tomfoolery, in imitation of certain sacred rites of our holy religion.


JUSTICE, n. A commodity which is a more or less adulterated condition
the State sells to the citizen as a reward for his allegiance, taxes
and personal service.




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